Gum Disease Affects Half of American Adults
Gum (periodontal) disease is a common condition threatening the health and smiles of millions of Americans. It is caused by harmful bacteria that live in the mouth, and how our bodies respond to toxins produced by these organisms. The effects of gum disease are far-reaching, and go well beyond your teeth and gums – especially when left untreated. Research indicates a relationship between gum disease and other systemic conditions in the body. Tooth loss is another major concern for patients with gum disease. Losing natural teeth leads to the need for dental implants and other periodontal treatment to restore health and function. Are your smile and health at risk?
The Oral Health and Systemic Risks of Gum Disease
Uncontrolled gum disease increases your risk for a number of oral health problems. Bone loss and gum recession caused by this progressive infection can lead to the loss of teeth. Tooth loss impacts your biting and chewing function. This often changes to how your teeth fit together and creates eating difficulties in many cases. Systemically, gum disease heightens your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Even respiratory illness, memory problems, certain cancers and pregnancy complications have been linked to gum disease.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease?
Symptoms of gum disease range from slight to severe, but are often mild and may be completely absent in some cases. Any sign or symptom of gum disease, however, should never be ignored.
Gum Disease Signs and Symptoms
- Bleeding gums
- Red, swollen or tender gums
- Bad breath
- Gum recession
- Sensitive teeth
- Pus around gums
- Tooth mobility
47% of Americans have periodontitis
Older adults with periodontal disease are 2.7 times as likely to have heart disease
64 million Americans have periodontitis
The Stages of Gum Disease
Dr. Patrick Johnson and Dr. Sausha Toghranegar specialize in periodontics, and routinely evaluate, diagnose and treat all stages of gum disease:
- Bad breath
- Red, swollen or painful gums
- Bleeding when you brush, floss or eat
- Gums begin to recede from the teeth
- Gaps appear between the teeth
- Dental pockets form between the teeth and gums
- Shifting, loose or moving teeth
- Irreparable damage to supporting structures
- Tooth loss